All genes associated with dystonias, ataxias (not including those associated with trinucleotide expansion and spastic paraparesis.
Dystonia is a movement disorder that causes involuntary muscle contractions. These contractions result in twisting and repetitive movements.
Ataxia is not a specific disease or diagnosis, it is a symptom. Ataxia means clumsiness or loss of coordination.
Ataxia may affect the fingers, hands, upper and lower extremities, body, speech or eye movements. This loss of coordination may be caused by a number of different medical or neurologic conditions; for this reason, it is important that a person with ataxia seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause of the symptom and get the proper diagnosis.
Moreover, and encompassing a number of defined clinical conditions, these diseases have a common denominator between them, progressive impaired balance when standing and walking, along with a lack of coordination of the limbs.
NMG11: Movement disorders
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